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The Basics of Pest Control

Pest Control is the process of managing pests (rodents, insects and wood-destroying organisms) in order to preserve property, health and welfare. It involves both preventative and curative measures. Preventative measures include monitoring, inspecting and correcting conditions that favor pest growth or reproduction. Examples of these are sealing cracks and crevices in walls, floors and windows; keeping food in tightly-sealed containers; and regularly removing or emptying outdoor garbage and compost bins.

Curative measures involve the use of chemicals, both natural and synthetic, to kill or deter pests. These chemicals may take the form of powders, liquids or sprays. The mode of application, the type and strength of chemical used, and the duration of exposure all influence how well a particular treatment works. In general, the most effective approach to pest control is a combination of preventive and curative measures.

A thorough inspection is the first step in controlling Centralia Pest Control most pest problems. This allows the identification of pest species, their nesting areas and the severity of any damage they have caused. It also helps to develop a proper treatment protocol. Look under, around and behind furniture; and in the spaces between boards and pipes where many pests hide.

When an infestation is found, traps and bait stations can be set to capture or eliminate pests. In addition, regular inspections can help identify problem areas and allow prompt action before pest numbers build up.

Natural forces that affect all organisms, including pests, include climate, natural enemies, barriers and availability of shelter, food and water. These factors are usually beyond our control, but we can sometimes take steps to alter them in our favor.

In addition to destroying food and other materials, some pests are known to spread disease. Rodents, for example, can carry and transmit a variety of diseases including hantavirus, leptospirosis and Salmonella. Some cockroaches and flies are known to cause respiratory illnesses in humans.

Chemicals that interfere with the normal functioning of organisms, either by killing or repelling them are called biocides. The most common biocides are herbicides, insecticides and fungicides.

Other types of chemicals used in pest control are bactericides and steroidal biocides. Bactericides kill bacteria that can infect plants or animals; insecticidal bactericides attack the nerve cells of insects, mites and other small arthropods, killing them or deterring them from feeding; and steroidal biocides discourage plant growth by blocking photosynthesis.

Before using any chemical, read the label and follow all instructions and safety warnings carefully. Be sure to note the product’s EPA registration number and name, as this will help you obtain more information on it should you need to. Also, be sure to store any unused pesticides properly. Never store them where children or pets can reach them. When using a pesticide, wear rubber gloves and a mask to avoid direct contact with your skin and eyes. If any pesticide contacts your skin, wash it immediately. Be especially careful when applying surface sprays, as these can drift and settle on objects in your home.

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